Martin Lipton is an American lawyer. He is a founding partner of the law firm of Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz specializing in advising major corporations on mergers and acquisitions and matters affecting corporate policy and strategy. He has written and lectured extensively on these subjects. Martin Lipton was Editor-in-Chief of the New York University Law Review (1954–1955), and from 1958–1978 Lipton taught courses on Federal Regulation of Securities and Corporation Law as a Lecturer and Adjunct Professor of Law at New York University School of Law.
In 1992 Lipton served on the Subcouncil on Corporate Governance and Financial Markets of the United States Competitiveness Policy Council which resulted in his co-authoring with his fellow member of the Subcouncil, Jay Lorsch of Harvard Business School, an article “A Modest Proposal for Improved Corporate Governance”, which became the template for much of the basic corporate governance principles that were adopted in the 1990s. Lipton served as counsel to the New York Stock Exchange Committee on Market Structure, Governance and Ownership (1999–2000), as counsel to, and member of, its Committee on Corporate Accountability and Listing Standards Corporate Governance (2002) and as Chairman of its Legal Advisory Committee (2002–2004). Lipton is a Member of the Executive Committee of the Partnership for New York City and served as its Co-Chair (2004–2006).
Lipton has a B.Sc. in Economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and an L.L.B. from the New York University School of Law. He is a member of The American Academy of Arts & Sciences, a trustee of The Economic Club of New York and a Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur.