Jose Ramos-Horta is a 1996 Nobel Peace Prize recipient and the current President of East Timor.
As a founder and former member of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN), Ramos-Horta served as the exiled spokesman for the East Timorese resistance during the years of the Indonesian occupation of East Timor (1975 to 1999). While he has continued to work with FRETILIN, Ramos-Horta resigned from the party in 1988, and has since remained an independent politician. After East Timor achieved independence in 2002, Ramos-Horta was appointed as the country's first Foreign Minister. He served in this position until his resignation on June 25, 2006.
On June 26, 2006, following the resignation of Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri, Ramos-Horta was appointed acting Prime Minister by the President Xanana Gusmão. Two weeks later, on July 10, 2006, he was officially sworn in as the second Prime Minister of East Timor. In 2007, he was elected the second President of East Timor since its independence from Indonesia.
President Ramos-Horta was born on 26 December 1949, in Dili. In 1984, he received a MA in Peace Studies from Antioch University in the United States. Then in 1987, President Ramos-Horta graduated as a Senior Associate Member of International Relations from St. Antony’s College at The University of Oxford UK. President Ramos-Horta holds numerous Doctor Honoris Causa from Universities in Australia, USA and Portugal and is currently working on PhD at University do Minho in Braga, Portugal. He has served as a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Victoria University and a Visiting Professor at the University of New South Wales in Sydney.