Dr. Paul Sullivan has been a professor of economics at the National Defense University (NDU) since July 1999. He has been an adviser to flag officers from the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and East Asia while at NDU. He has been part of the leadership and faculty of the NDU Energy Industry Study for 12 years. Dr. Sullivan has run field studies related to the energy, environment and agribusiness industries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Australia, Canada, and the United States as part of his duties at NDU. He was part of the initial point team to help establish a National Defense College in the UAE. Dr. Sullivan is an Adjunct Professor of Security Studies at Georgetown University, where he has taught classes on global energy and security (which include analyses of energy issues for the EU, Russia, the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, Japan, the United States, Canada, and the Arctic.) for over 12 years. He is a Senior International Fellow at the National Council of U.S.Arab Relations and an Adjunct Senior Fellow for Future Global Resource Threats at the Federation of American Scientists. Dr. Sullivan has been involved in the energy work at the UNCTAD with a focus on Africa. He was a senior fellow at the EastWest Center and a VP at the UN Association of the National Capitol Area. He is an internationally recognized expert on the political economy and economic development of the Middle East and North Africa. He taught classes on the economics of Egypt, the economic development of the Middle East and the economic history of the Middle East at the American University in Cairo for six years. He has been advising senior leadership on economic, energy, water, the Middle East and North Africa, East Asia, South Asia and other economic and security issues for decades. Dr. Sullivan obtained his Ph.D. from Yale University with highest honors and graduated summa cum laude from Brandeis University. Dr. Sullivan is a graduate of the Seminar XXI Program at MIT. He has a certificate of completion from the ethoarchaeology field study run by Flinders University in Barunga, Australia. He is a member of Chatham House and the IISS.